How to Differentiate Persian Rugs and Turkish Rugs

How to Differentiate Persian Rugs and Turkish Rugs - Arrant Luxury

Handmade rugs originate from various countries globally. Renowned for their durability, Turkish and Persian varieties stand out for their exceptional quality. Their exquisite designs often make them highly desirable. While both Persian and Turkish rugs share a reputation for durability and are celebrated for their exceptional quality, a closer inspection reveals distinctive features that set them apart. 

Ever wondered how to tell the difference between Persian and Turkish rugs? These gorgeous carpets might seem similar at first glance, but they have unique features that make each of them special. From where they're made to the designs they boast, let's explore the key things that set Persian rugs apart from Turkish ones. 

Difference Between Turkish and Persian Rugs  

Artisans invest meticulous effort and time into crafting both Turkish and Persian rugs, yet these exquisite creations diverge significantly in their crafting techniques, historical origins, and prevalent design styles.  

Different Knots  

Turkish and Persian rugs are made differently. Turkish rugs use a double knot technique, while Persian rugs use a single knot method. Persian knots are smaller and packed closer together, giving these rugs higher knot counts. 

More knots usually mean a tougher rug. That is why Persian rugs, with their tighter knots, are often seen as sturdier and more valuable compared to Turkish rugs. Knowing about these knotting techniques can help you understand why some rugs might cost more or last longer than others when you're shopping for one. 

Different Designs  

The main contrast between Turkish and Persian rugs lies in their designs, typically rooted in tradition. 

Turkish handmade rugs often feature straight lines, geometric shapes, and tribal patterns due to the ease of creating solid designs with the double Turkish knot. Weavers often embed cultural symbols and stories, reflecting Asian empires' rise and fall within these geometric patterns. 

In contrast, Persian handmade rugs boast elaborate and elegant designs. The single Persian knot allows for intricate and complex patterns, commonly featuring a central medallion surrounded by detailed scrollwork. Persian rugs often depict animals, humans, and intricate floral motifs with precision. 

While these design differences are traditional, both types of rugs can defy norms. It's possible to find Turkish rugs with elegant medallion designs or Persian rugs with unconventional tribal patterns. As the demand for Turk made rugs grows, some weavers are exploring new designs to attract a wider audience. 

Origin Location  

Turkish rugs originated from Turkey, historically known for its rich weaving traditions dating back centuries. Various regions within Turkey produce distinct types of rugs, such as Anatolian rugs, Kilims from Anatolia, and Oushak rugs from the Oushak region. 

On the other hand, Persian rugs originated from Iran, formerly known as Persia, renowned for its profound historical significance in rug weaving. The journey started in 1935. Different areas across Iran produce renowned Persian rugs, including Tabriz, Kashan, Isfahan, and Kerman, each with its unique style and designs. 

Material Used for Manufacturing  

Traditional materials continue to hold sway in the crafting of rugs by many weavers. Turkish rugs historically relied on materials readily available near the artisans' tents, predominantly using natural fibers like wool sourced from sheep. This tradition endures today, with many Turkish rugs still crafted from wool. 

In contrast, Persian rugs were renowned for their opulence and intricacy. The Persian Empire flourished for its silk rugs in vibrant, jewel-toned hues alongside soft wool variations. Presently, Persian rugs primarily employ wool, silk, or a blend of both materials in their creation. 


Both Turkish and Persian rugs are revered for their durability, but their construction techniques influence their strength differently. 

Turkish rugs, crafted with the double knot method, often showcase a denser weave, providing sturdiness suitable for high-traffic areas. Their sturdy structure and thick pile contribute to resilience against wear and tear. 

On the other hand, Persian rugs, woven with the single knot technique, may have a slightly less dense weave but often boast higher knot counts. This meticulous craftsmanship results in rugs known for their durability, especially in intricate designs and finer detailing. 

Ultimately, both types of rugs offer robustness, with Turkish rugs excelling in toughness due to their dense knots, while Persian rugs' intricate knotting contributes to their long-lasting quality.  


Turkish and Persian rugs exhibit distinct color palettes that reflect their cultural influences and weaving traditions. 

Turkish rugs often feature bold and contrasting colors, such as vibrant reds, blues, and yellows. These rugs frequently showcase geometric patterns and tribal designs in striking color combinations. 

In contrast, Persian rugs are known for their more subtle and sophisticated color schemes. Soft reds, blues, greens, and ivory hues are common, creating an elegant and luxurious appearance. These rugs often display intricate floral motifs and elaborate designs with a rich, muted color palette. 

While both types of rugs have their signature color styles, variations exist within each, allowing for a wide array of color choices to suit different tastes and preferences. 

Market Value and Rarity 

The value and rarity of Persian rugs often tend to be higher due to their intricate designs and superior craftsmanship, especially in antique pieces. Turkish rugs vary more in market value, with exceptional antique ones holding significant worth. Understanding the craftsmanship and historical context of these rugs can impact their prices and appeal to collectors and enthusiasts.  

Understanding the distinctions between Persian and Turkish rugs enriches your appreciation for these timeless treasures. These also equips you to make informed choices and connect with the rich cultural heritage woven into each exquisite piece. 


What are the primary materials used in Persian and Turkish rugs? 

Both Persian and Turkish rugs historically use natural fibers like wool. Persian rugs are known for their silk variations and opulent use of vibrant colors alongside wool, while Turkish rugs predominantly use wool. 

Are there specific characteristics that collectors look for in Persian and Turkish rugs? 

Collectors often seek Persian rugs with intricate designs, high knot counts, and exceptional craftsmanship, particularly in antique pieces. For Turkish rugs, regional uniqueness, historical significance, and exceptional quality contribute to their appeal among collectors.