History and Origin of Super Kazak Rugs

History and Origin of Super Kazak Rugs - Arrant Luxury

Within the rich landscape of oriental rugs, few possess the captivating allure and cultural depth. These unique masterpieces are Super Kazak rugs. These hand knotted Kazak rugs are finely woven marvels that serve as an embodiment of centuries-old craftsmanship, steeped in heritage and tradition. 

Originating from the rugged landscapes and nomadic tribes of the Caucasus region, these rugs are more than mere floor coverings weaving the tale of ancient civilizations, and the resilient spirit of their creators. These rugs carry a narrative that transcends generations and continents. 

Join us in uncovering the enigmatic story behind the Super Kazak rugs, exploring the intricacies of their designs.  

What are Kazak Rugs? 

Kazak rugs are a distinctive type of handwoven rug originating from the Caucasus region, specifically from the area of modern-day Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. Shaped by the rugged mountain landscapes and a mosaic of cultural influences including Persian, Turkish, and Russian, these rugs boast unique and captivating designs. These hand knotted rugs are highly renowned for their bold designs, vibrant colors, and exceptional craftsmanship. 

Kazak designed rugs are characterized by geometric patterns, medallions, and tribal motifs. The diverse cultural tapestry of the Caucasus region left an indelible mark on Kazak rugs, blending Persian motifs, geometric patterns from Turkey, and floral designs inspired by Russia. This fusion created a visually stunning and historically rich art form.  

In terms of colors, they often showcase strong reds, blues, yellows, and ivory tones. They typically feature wool as the primary material and are hand-knotted using traditional techniques passed down through generations. 

Kazak rugs hold cultural significance as they reflect the heritage, traditions, and artistic styles of the various tribes and communities within the Caucasus region. These rugs were historically used not just as floor coverings but also as items of cultural and symbolic importance, often showcasing symbols or designs specific to certain tribes or beliefs. 

Their durability, striking appearance, and cultural significance have made Kazak design rugs highly sought after by collectors, interior decorators, and rug enthusiasts worldwide. 

Across centuries, the Kazak rug industry evolved, refining rug-making techniques that were passed down through generations. Through this progression, the art of hand-knotting was perfected, giving rise to the intricate and enduring rugs cherished today. 

Different Types and Styles of Kazak Rugs 

Kazak rugs stand out in their diversity and creativity. While these rugs possess shared traits, they encompass various distinct types and styles, each highlighting the beauty and uniqueness of these hand-knotted Kazak rugs.  

There are nine different types of hand knotted Kazak rugs, each known for their prominent origin, styles and motifs. These nine types are mentioned below: 

Bordjalou Kazak Rugs 

Named after the Bordjalou region in the southern Caucasus, Bordjalou Kazak rugs are distinctive for their composition. They usually present a central medallion encircled by smaller geometric motifs and bordered intricately. These rugs predominantly feature warm and vibrant shades like red, blue, and ivory. Their designs often encompass bold representations of stylized animals, stars, and floral patterns, creating an eye-catching aesthetic. 

Sewan Kazak Rugs 

Hailing from the Sewan region in the northeastern Caucasus, Sewan Kazak rugs, also called Shield Kazaks, boast unique attributes. They stand out for their striking geometric patterns and the prominent use of a central medallion in a cruciform shape. These rugs typically showcase a restrained color scheme, primarily employing red, blue, and yellow tones. Their designs feature large, bold motifs such as geometric patterns, stylized animals, and floral elements, alongside an abundance of latch-hook designs adorning the borders. 

Karachopf Kazak Rugs 

Karachopf Kazak rugs, also recognized as Karachop or Karachov, are distinguished by their distinct central medallion boasting eight points resembling either a star or a flower. Typically set against a dark backdrop, these rugs employ a contrasting color palette featuring vibrant colors like red, blue, green, and ivory for the motifs. Displaying a rich array of motifs encompassing geometric patterns, stylized animals, and floral designs, Karachopf rugs exude intricate detail. Moreover, the borders of these rugs often showcase elaborate, repetitive patterns, elevating the overall visual allure of the rug. 

Fachralo Kazak Rugs 

Fachralo Kazak rugs, deriving their name from the central Caucasus region of Fachralo. These hand knotted Kazak rugs stand out for their unique central medallion, often taking the form of a hexagon or octagon. These hand knotted rugs boast a vivid color palette, frequently incorporating rich tones like red, blue, green, and ivory. Diverse motifs grace Fachralo rugs, ranging from geometric patterns to stylized animals and floral designs. Notably, the borders in these rugs tend to be broader compared to other Kazak styles, showcasing alternating patterns that enhance their visual appeal. 

Lambalo Kazak Rugs  

Originating from the Lambalo region in the Caucasus, Lambalo Kazak rugs boast distinctive patterns and motifs. They commonly showcase a central medallion combining geometric and floral elements. Predominantly, these Kazak design rugs employ a color scheme featuring deep hues of red, blue, and green, accented by touches of ivory and yellow. The borders of Lambalo hand knotted rugs exhibit elaborate patterns that harmonize with the central design, contributing significantly to the rug's overall aesthetic charm. 

Pinwheel Kazak Rugs 

Pinwheel Kazak rugs derive their name from their unique central medallion resembling a pinwheel, composed of multiple smaller geometric shapes arranged in a circular fashion. A vibrant color palette characterizes these rugs, frequently highlighting bold reds, blues, and greens. They exhibit an array of geometric patterns and stylized floral motifs, contributing to a visually dynamic effect. Moreover, the borders of these Kazak design rugs integrate alternating patterns, instilling a feeling of motion and dimensionality within the design. 

Shikli Kazak Rugs 

Hailing from the Shikli region in the Caucasus, Shikli hand knotted Kazak rugs stand out for their unique central medallion, often elongated and adorned with geometric patterns and stylized floral elements. These rugs commonly employ a color palette characterized by deep reds, blues, and greens, complemented by accents of ivory and yellow. Notably, the borders of Shikli Kazak rugs display elaborate, repetitive patterns that contribute to a sense of cohesion and equilibrium within the overall design. 

Shulaver Kazak Rugs 

Originating from the Shulaver region in the Caucasus, Shulaver hand knotted Kazak rugs showcase distinct patterns, often presenting an arrangement of geometric shapes in either linear or diagonal formations. These rugs commonly embrace a lively color palette, highlighting vibrant tones of red, blue, and green, complemented by accents of ivory and yellow. Bold and captivating motifs define Shulaver Kazak rugs, ranging from geometric patterns to stylized animals and floral designs. Additionally, the borders of these rugs display detailed, recurring patterns, contributing significantly to the rug's visual charm. 

Star Kazak Rugs 

Star Kazak rugs are famed for their eye-catching central medallion, adorned with a prominent geometric star pattern. These rugs frequently boast a vivid and opulent color scheme, featuring dominant hues like red, blue, and green, enhanced by striking contrasts in ivory, yellow, or orange. Displaying an array of geometric patterns and stylized floral motifs, Star Kazak rugs craft a visually captivating and dynamic design. Moreover, the borders of these rugs integrate a sequence of elaborate, alternating patterns, infusing a feeling of depth and motion into the overall composition. 

Production of Modern Kazak Rugs  

Recent years have witnessed a significant transition in the production of hand knotted Kazak rugs, predominantly moving operations to Afghanistan. Skilled artisans in Afghanistan are dedicated to upholding the time-honored designs and techniques that have shaped Kazak rugs for generations. This shift not only safeguards the distinct artistry and legacy of these rugs but also contributes to the resurgence of Afghanistan's rug industry. Within Afghan weaving, various grades of Kazak rugs, such as the superior Shirvan and Super Kazak ranges, are crafted. 

Regarding design and motifs, the essence of hand knotted Kazak rugs remains intact despite their production relocation. Contemporary Kazak rugs stay true to the artistic heritage of the Caucasus region while infusing modern design elements and colors that resonate with today's buyers. 

Preservation of traditional hand-knotting techniques holds paramount importance in retaining the distinctiveness and allure of Kazak rugs. Upholding these age-old practices ensures the preservation of Kazak rugs' rich history and craftsmanship for future generations. 

Although rooted in tradition, modern Kazak rug production sees innovations in materials and processes. While maintaining the traditional techniques, artisans incorporate advancements in materials, such as natural dyes and high-quality wool. These improvements enhance the rugs' quality and sustainability, rendering modern Kazak rugs not just aesthetically pleasing but also durable and a prudent choice for any home or collection. 

To conclude, hand knotted Kazak rugs emerge as timeless treasures, blending tradition with innovation. From the ancient landscapes of the Caucasus to the skilled hands of contemporary Afghan artisans, the legacy of Kazak rugs persists, weaving stories of culture and art. 

So, get ready to discover the allure of Kazak design rugs with Arrant Luxury. Elevate your space with these hand-knotted Kazak rugs that bridge heritage and modern elegance. 


Why are Kazak rugs named after specific regions? 

Kazak rugs are named after regions where their distinct styles originated. This nomenclature helps identify their design elements, motifs, and the cultural influences specific to those areas. For instance, Bordjalou Kazak rugs hail from the Bordjalou region, each carrying a unique cultural imprint. 

What makes Super Kazak rugs stand out among other Kazak variations? 

Super Kazak rugs stand out due to their exceptional craftsmanship, intricate designs, and a meticulous selection of materials. These rugs often represent the pinnacle of Kazak rug-making expertise, displaying a higher level of artistry and detail compared to other Kazak types. 

How do Kazak rugs reflect the cultural heritage of the Caucasus region? 

Kazak rugs mirror the diverse cultural tapestry of the Caucasus through their designs. Elements from various cultures, such as Persian, Turkish, and Russian influences, interweave into these rugs, showcasing a blend of traditions, beliefs, and artistic styles.