Behind the Scenes in Making Hand-knotted Rugs

Behind the Scenes in Making Hand-knotted Rugs - Arrant Luxury

Here at Arrant Luxury, we cherish and honor traditional techniques, with every rug serving as a testament to the lush legacy of rug-making. We bring you designs that come to life through immense detailing and skilled hands, a tradition passed down through generations. Indeed, rug-making has been an integral part of human history for millennia, and at Arrant Luxury, we tend to cherish that tradition. 

Hand-knotting, the cornerstone of the rug-making process, demands careful attention to detail. It takes approximately four to five months to complete a single rug, with multiple weavers contributing to its creation. From start to finish, our focus remains on quality, ensuring each piece becomes a prized item destined to grace homes for generations to come. 

How Hand-Knotted Rugs Are Made 

  1. Fiber Preparation:

To begin crafting a hand-knotted rug, weavers start by sourcing top-quality wool and silk. These raw fibers undergo a cleaning and sorting process. Carding comes next, where the fibers are carefully straightened and separated into individual strands by hand, preparing them for spinning. Skilled spinners then use a traditional spinning wheel called a ‘charkha’ to spin the carded fibers into yarn. 

  1. Dyeing:

A Dye Master expertly prepares dyes to achieve the desired colors, and the yarn is dyed by hand using traditional pot dyeing techniques. Small batches of silk and wool yarns are dyed to ensure precise color control. 

  1. Sun Drying:

Dyed yarn is naturally dried in the sun, which not only dries the yarn but also imparts a special luster and subtle variations to the color. 

  1. Yarn Preparation:

Once dried, the dyed wool is prepared for weaving by being wound into balls, ready to be used on the looms. 

  1. Pattern Design:

While the yarn is prepared, pattern designers create a computer-generated graph known as a galaincha file based on the original design. This file serves as a guide for the weavers, detailing the rug pattern and color placement. 

  1. Weaving Process:

Hand-knotted rug weaving takes place on a loom with a wooden frame. Vertical threads, called warps, are tightly strung between the top and bottom bars to create tension. Horizontal weft threads are then woven through, forming the structure of the rug. Each individual knot is tied by hand using an ancient knot technique, where yarn is knotted around vertical warp threads and a horizontal metal rod, ensuring each knot is a continuation of the previous one. 

  1. Hand Carving:

After weaving, artisans meticulously carve the rug details using scissors to enhance its visual appeal. 

  1. Washing:

The woven rug undergoes multiple cleaning cycles to remove any dust or dirt trapped in the yarn. A wooden paddle called ‘pharwa’ is used to thoroughly wash the rug, squeezing water through the pile. This washing process also helps soften the rug, adding to its luxurious feel. Additionally, hand-knotted wool rugs are bathed in Himalayan water as a final step in the washing process. 

  1. Stretching:

After washing, the rugs undergo a stretching procedure where they are carefully extended for drying and secured to a frame to guarantee precise sizing. Any wrinkles are smoothed out during this stage, enhancing the vibrancy and clarity of the colors as they dry. 

  1. Shearing and Clipping:

Subsequently, the rug is laid flat, and its pile height is uniformly adjusted using specialized flat-bladed shears known as 'Kainchi'. Hand clipping then refines the intricate design details, ensuring neatness and eliminating any irregular threads. 

  1. Binding:

The final step entails binding, where the edges of the rug are secured by hand using a needle and yarn that complements the overall design. 

The result exudes luxury from every perspective. Even the underside of the rug showcases the exquisite craftsmanship and individual knots that characterize this designer piece. 


How much time does it take to hand-knot a rug? 

The time required to create hand-knotted rugs is influenced by factors like size, complexity, and skill level. 

What materials are commonly used in hand-knotted rug production? 

Natural fibers like wool, silk, and cotton, along with the traditional techniques and tools are used in making hand-made rugs.