3 Differences Between Persian and Oriental Rugs

3 Differences Between Persian and Oriental Rugs - Arrant Luxury

When in the market for carpets, you’ll often encounter the terms Oriental and Persian rugs. While many people use these terms interchangeably, both are actually distinct types. 

Persian rugs specifically hail from Iran, formerly known as Persia. They constitute a subset of Oriental rugs, which refer to rugs originating from various Asian countries. Although Iran is situated in Asia, its weavers have carved out a unique identity, leading to the distinction between Persian and other Oriental rugs. Furthermore, Oriental rugs are not exclusive to Iran; they are also crafted in countries like China, India, Russia, Turkey, Pakistan, and Tibet. 

Before venturing into an Oriental rug store, it's beneficial to understand the differences between Persian and other Oriental rugs. Here are three key distinctions to keep in mind. 


Persian area rugs usually embody designs or motifs originating from their city of origin. These rugs commonly feature all-over patterns, compartmental designs, central medallions, or one-sided layouts, often symmetrical in nature. On the other hand, Oriental area rugs tend to showcase flora and fauna motifs with more flowing, curvilinear designs. Some designs may even depict landscapes, including mountains, lakes, and fields. Oriental rugs also frequently employ contrasting colors to accentuate texture, while Persian rugs typically favor warm-toned hues. 

Weaving Techniques: 

Both types of rugs are hand-knotted on looms. Oriental rugs typically have smaller knots and denser piles, utilizing symmetrical Ghiordes knots. In contrast, Persian rugs boast higher knot counts and are woven using asymmetrical Senneh knots. 


While both rug styles utilize some common materials, Persian rugs are predominantly crafted from sheep wool, camel hair, kork wool, and sometimes Manchester or Merino sheep wool, depending on their city of origin. Additionally, they may incorporate cotton blends. Oriental rugs, on the other hand, may incorporate silk, wool, and often a higher proportion of cotton. These materials can be used in pile weaving or flat weaving techniques. 

Ultimately, whether you prefer Persian or Oriental rugs, both styles offer exquisite choices. They are the result of skilled artisans who have honed their craft over generations, ensuring each rug is a masterpiece of tradition and artistry. 

Explore Arrant Luxury's Handcrafted Persian Rugs 

At Arrant Luxury, opulence meets tradition with our extensive collection of handcrafted Persian rugs. Each rug narrates a story of exquisite craftsmanship, beckoning you to experience the unrivalled allure of Persian artistry in your own home. 

Our curated selection boasts a diverse array of designs and motifs, woven by skilled artisans from the heart of South-East Asia. From detailed all-over patterns to mesmerizing central medallions, our hand-made rugs capture the essence of their city of origin, infusing your space with a sense of history and culture. 

Indulge in the sumptuous textures and rich colors of our Oriental rugs, crafted using the finest materials such as sheep wool, camel hair, and silk. Whether you prefer warm, inviting hues or vibrant, contrasting tones, our collection offers something to complement every style and preference. 

With Arrant Luxury, you're not just purchasing a rug, you're investing in a piece of art that will elevate your living space for generations to come. Transform your home into a sanctuary of luxury and refinement with a handcrafted rug from Arrant Luxury. 


What are the main design differences between Persian and Oriental rugs? 

Persian rugs typically feature symmetrical designs with all-over patterns or central medallions, while Oriental rugs often showcase curvilinear motifs like flora and fauna. 

How do the knotting techniques differ between Persian and Oriental rugs? 

Persian rugs are known for higher knot counts and asymmetrical Senneh knots, while Oriental rugs use smaller knots tied symmetrically with Ghiordes knots. 

What materials are commonly used in Persian and Oriental rugs? 

Persian rugs primarily use sheep wool, camel hair, and silk, while Oriental rugs may incorporate silk, wool, and cotton, often with a higher concentration of cotton.